Real estate is a profitable and worthwhile investment. However, you must know all the factors affecting your profitability, such as taxes, when purchasing or selling your property. Tax implications arise if you own an investment property, i.e., commercial or residential properties. You must be thorough in tax calculations because you might risk fines or losing your property entirely if you don’t pay the required taxes. Governments and local authorities typically enforce strict measures to ensure all property owners comply with taxation guidelines. Remember that taxing is also distinct in different countries, so you must consider your country’s tax laws.
For instance, the body in charge of property tax in Ireland is the Irish Tax and Customs Revenue Agency, which collects taxes on residential and non-residential property, plus land rates. Taking such into account before you get down to real estate investment is advisable because taxes can considerably influence how much money you remain in your pocket. In most cases, you need to keep track of all tax-deductible expenditures and divulge any rental income in your tax returns.
The Revenue Commissioners also regulate the taxation on properties in Ireland. So, check into your country’s tax regulations before entering real estate investment. With that in mind, below are the types of taxes you should keep an eye on in real estate investment:
- Stamp Duty (Transfer Tax)
Stamp duty is collectible on the transfer of real estate property by you as the buyer of the building or land within your city. Thus, you must have the legal documents entailing real estate transfer. It’s one of the ways they use money as a source of revenue for their other projects. You can relish a lower stamp duty tax when buying a residential property since it has decreased significantly in the past budget.
- Local Property Tax
The local authority collects this kind of tax to assist in catering to services and projects in society, such as roads, schools, or emergency services. Paying these taxes is a component of your mortgage payments, and they’re remitted to your tax assessor every year.
Remember that so long as your property is under your name, you’re obligated to pay taxes for it whether you cease paying the mortgage or renting the property. Property taxes also fluctuate now and then, meaning you have to keep tabs on the latest rates.
- Capital Gains Tax
Capital gains tax is levied on the income you gain when selling your property. There are different types. The first one is for your land and buildings. The second is for the share, and the third is for all listed exemptions. Mostly, the rate of long-term capital gains tax is 0%, 15%, or 20%, and it depends on your income.
To know the amount you owe in taxes, you must take the current value of your property and deduct the original purchase price to get the added value. Capital gains tax amount is based on this difference.
Notably, if your property isn’t giving you any income, such as a farm or holiday home, you’ll still need to settle payments of capital gains tax when you sell it. But you won’t get your maintenance and interest expenditure as tax deductibles due to the inability to accrue income. Capital gains tax only applies to investment assets, not individually owned ones.
- Income Tax
When you make a real estate investment, you must know you’ll have to pay income tax, especially if your building is used for trading purposes. For instance, you may buy land and sell it later at a profit once it appreciates in value. That’s taken as an income-generating project, especially if you sell it off after a short duration. Furthermore, you may transform your property to make it sell at a high price and attract more buyers, which is a form of income.
From such an analysis, you may have to pay an income tax of 30% of the taxable profits instead of a 5% capital gains tax.
Taxes in real estate vary significantly from jurisdiction to jurisdiction and depending on the asset type, whether residential or commercial property. Thus, before you invest in property, you ought to know all taxes to be levied on the property you purchase. Notably, taxation on properties is an intricate subject with wide-ranging factors that may not be summarized in a short write-up. To calculate the exact taxes and project your possible future earnings, you may want to consult a Certified Public Accountant (CPA) well-versed in taxation dynamics in your locality. They’re better placed to advise you on all property taxes you’ll pay and the typical rates based on the updated guidelines.
About the Contributor
Ava Sophia is a real estate consultant working with a London-Based property management company. She takes pride in helping newbies gain hold in real estate investment and profit from it instead of making losses. Outside work, she enjoys hanging out at fun-filled clubs before retiring home to her hubby and two kids.